PreprintFunctional calculus via the extension technique: a first hitting time approachDaniel Hauer and David LeeAbstractIn this article, we present a solution to the problem: Which type of linear operators can be realized
by the DirichlettoNeumann operator associated with the
operator \(\Deltaa(z)\frac{\partial^{2}}{\partial z^2}\) on an
extension problem?
which was raised in the pioneering work [Comm. Par. Diff. Equ. 32 (2007)] by Caffarelli and Silvestre. In fact, we even go a step further by replacing the negative Laplace operator \(\Delta\) on \(\mathbb{R}^{d}\) by an \(m\)accretive operator \(A\) on a general Banach space \(X\) and the DirichlettoNeumann operator by the DirichlettoWentzell operator. We establish uniqueness of solutions to the extension problem in this general framework, which seems to be new in the literature and of independent interest. The aim of this paper is to provide a new PhillipsBochner type functional calculus that uses probabilistic tools from excursion theory. With our method, we are able to characterize all linear operators \(\psi(A)\) among the class \(\mathcal{C}\mathcal{B}\mathcal{F}\) of complete Bernstein functions \(\psi\), resulting in a new characterization of the famous Phillips' subordination theorem within this class \(\mathcal{C}\mathcal{B}\mathcal{F}\). Keywords: Complete Bernstein functions, DirichlettoNeumann, DirichlettoRobin, DirichlettoWentzell, fractional powers, stochastic process, semigroups, Phillips subordination.AMS Subject Classification: Primary 60H30; secondary 47A60, 60B15, 47D07.
This paper is available as a pdf (588kB) file. It is also on the arXiv: arxiv.org/abs/arXiv:2101.11305.
